-Dr. Jorge Méndez Trujeque

"Getting together is the beginning, keeping progress together, teamwork is success."
Henry Ford

Teamwork involves a group of people who are organized in a certain way to achieve a common goal. It's that easy, but how difficult it is to make it come true. During our medical training they taught us anatomy, physiology, dissection and related subjects such as bioethics and others, but they did not teach us to work as a team.

Working as a team has always been important, but in today's life it is essential. Teamwork is part of the DNA of the human being, we are a species, among others, that needs collaboration in order to function. On the other hand, you can not conceive the achievement of great achievements without a group work, this applies to material works, such as the Chinese wall, or for specific or general projects, such as a presidential candidacy, etc. Currently a parameter to measure the development of a company, institution or person is their ability to work as a team.

When working as a team, the efforts of all members are potentiated, resulting in a shorter time of action and better results. Achieving that the participants in the group have the same goal and that each one is responsible for their area and reaching the common goal outlined, is ideal for any type of organization. In general, it is not appropriate for two or more teams to work in an organization sharing the same objective, since working as a team is the ability to work together towards a common vision. On the other hand, it is not enough to have the most talented people, but also to get those talents to work as a team.

Some tips to achieve teamwork properly are:

Trust. It is the main element for teamwork, because without it, nothing else will be achieved. All team members must trust each member. We must promote an environment where the members understand their roles and know their skills, so they know how to support each other.

Common objectives. From the beginning it is necessary to make very clear which are the objectives to be achieved and to define how each member of the team will contribute to fulfill them. All human beings have personal goals that they seek to fulfill, but one of the most important keys to the proper functioning of a work team is that personal goals are compatible with the team's objectives.

Sense of belonging. In a natural way, the human being needs to feel part of something, the most powerful factor in the creation of teams is the development of a common identity. It must be clear what identifies the team, there are values ​​set and make each member aware of the impact of their participation in the team.

Understanding between the parties. It has always been very easy to criticize or underestimate the work of others, when one does not know it or has not executed it. To avoid this, it will be necessary to hold meetings so that each member explains their work in detail or, if possible, perform area rotation exercises. In general, the organization of a project involves some kind of division of tasks, this means that each team member carries out a series of tasks independently, but it must be clear that everyone is responsible for the total results of the team.

Decision making. In general, it is convenient to involve the team members in the decision making process. The above generates a brainstorm, opens the mind and motivates each participant to share their opinion, which produces greater attachment to the group. This will not always be possible since some decisions will be made with other criteria, but in general, if there is that feedback and input, it will be easier to implement any change or strategy.

Communication. The most effective teams are those that are heard and fed back. It is important that you continually exchange opinions and create strategies and projects together. There must be communication channels suited to the needs of the group to be always in contact.

Responsability and compromise. The members of the team must be clear that the problems, failures and successes are shared and responsibility of each and every one. You have to avoid the mentality of "this is not my problem."

Diversity. Ideally, the work team should have different personalities and interests but share values ​​and a commitment to the project. A homogeneous group can operate efficiently but with little innovation. The ideal is that the members of the work team have different characteristics in experience, training, personality, aptitudes, etc.

Group Successes When something goes well, not necessarily having achieved the final goal, there must be words of encouragement and mention the value of the work of all members of the team. You can highlight the role of each one, but we must highlight the group result. Although individual work is recognized, it is important that the rewards are given for the results of the team.

Leader. Every team needs a leader who will be supported to make appropriate decisions based on the ideas and opinions of the entire team.

The work team works if:

- Productive meetings are held. After each meeting, attendees know well what steps to follow and feel that their presence and participation was important. The meetings are very important because they generate new ideas and strategies to achieve the objective.

- When members know what to do and know their impact on the group and new ideas and innovations that allow group growth are produced. We must encourage the creativity and innovation of all.

- When the opinions of others are listened to with interest and help to offer solutions. When a problem or contingency arises and everyone is willing to support.

- When decisions are sustained and agreed.

The work team does NOT work if:

- Each area cares about its own goals and blames others for not reaching them.

- They do not know each other or communicate continuously between them.

- There is competition (not healthy) between areas or individuals.

- They do not trust the other members or there is a lack of respect or disqualification towards their work.

-When you start talking about one and not all.

-When decisions are arbitrary or not supported.

Do not forget that when the '' I '' is replaced by the '' we '', even the disease becomes health.
And you, do you know how to work as a team?