The Sexual and Reproductive Rights Committee of FLASOG aims to promote, in each member society, the creation, if there is not one, of local committees with clear objectives and to make an epidemic, such as gender-based violence, which takes years off. healthy life to the woman and her family, may have help to alleviate it.
As an introduction we can say;
The creation of Committees against local gender violence within the different gynecology and obstetrics societies of Latin America is a pending and necessary account in the face of the pandemic of violence against women.
According to the Convention of Belem do Pará, violence against women is "... any action or conduct, based on gender, that causes death, damage or physical, sexual or psychological suffering to women, both in the public sphere and in the private".
More than half of the femicides produced in the world happen in Latin America, a region where 12 women are victims of femicide a day. In this regard, although the information provided by some countries is still incomplete, the following figures can be mentioned:
Femicide is the murder committed by a man against a woman because of his condition as a woman. Legally protects not only the legal good life, but also others such as dignity, equality and personal security.
It should be noted that 17 countries in Latin America have passed femicide laws, establishing it as a crime other than homicide or as an aggravating penalty. The last one was Uruguay. However, this has not led to a reduction in the number of femicides. On the contrary, they have increased in quantity in Latin America in recent years with high rates of impunity for the aggressors.
Likewise, all Latin American countries have ratified the Inter-American Convention to Prevent, Punish and Eradicate Violence against Women, but only eight countries have a comprehensive law on violence against women.
Both men and women suffer violations of their human rights. However, any aggression perpetrated against a woman has characteristics that allow her to be identified as gender violence. This means that it is directly linked to the unequal distribution of power and the asymmetric relations that take place in a society with a patriarchal model.
In this regard, it is important to note that one in three women have been victims of sexual or gender-based violence in their lives and that 38% of women's homicides are perpetrated by their male partners.
From the gynecology and obstetrics societies it is necessary to create local violence committees that can make different contributions in order to combat violence against women:
· First, to promote the education of health professionals on issues related to violence against women. human rights such as gender violence and reproductive rights.
· In this sense, it is important to create health policies that include services that provide an empathic and quality response to women who suffer or survive violence.
· As much as activism in favor of the creation and development of programs to protect women and shelters for victims of domestic violence and their children.
· Likewise, it is essential to promote the labor inclusion of victims of violence through training programs, as well as psychological assistance for both the victim and their children.
· In the same way, promote the enactment of laws that provide an essential income to victims that guarantees their access to basic needs so that their economic situation does not obstruct the completion of the complaint and the necessary procedures for its resolution and that she herself is not conditioned to remain with the aggressor for fear of being left in the street with her daughters and sons.
· In the same way, it is necessary to promote social and labor inclusion of victims of violence through training programs, as well as psychological assistance for both the victim and their children.
· On the other hand, we must collaborate in improving the speed and efficiency of the judicial system, especially in the protection measures for victims, since there are many cases where the victim of femicide had denounced his aggressor beforehand.
· It is also important to develop administrative records to know the actual number of victims and promote prevention programs in which the dissemination of information prevails.
· Due to all of this, it is necessary to create a monitoring register of the aforementioned actions in order to evaluate the progress made and the achievement of clear goals.
Finally, the agreement among the different Latin American societies on the composition of this text that serves as a basis for the development of the measures indicated to combat violence against women and that demonstrate the commitment of the region to address this problem should be assessed. In this Bulletin we want to present the members of the FLASOG Committee on Sexual and Reproductive Rights, consisting of:
Dr. Desiree Mostajo Flores. Bolivia
Dr. Diana Galimberti. Argentina.
Dr. Fanny Corrales. Paraguay
Dr. Linda Valencia. Guatemala.
Dr. José David Mariscal. Mexico
Dr. Enrique Pons. Uruguay.
Sources of femicide figures:
Argentina: NGO Casa del Encuentro.
Bolivia: General Prosecutor's Office of the Bolivian State.
Brazil: Public Ministry of Brazil.
Guatemala: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean.
Mexico: United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women. Data corresponding to female deaths with presumed homicide due to lack of accurate data on femicide. Paraguay: Documentation and Studies Center of Paraguay.
Uruguay: Ministry of the Interior of Uruguay.